Endoscopy is a noninvasive tool used to obtain both visual information and collect samples, such as fluid or biopsies. It involves using a rigid or flexible tube with a video camera attached at the end to look inside certain organs. Instruments can also be passed along these tubes to perform procedures or collect samples. At our Greenville hospital, we have the ability to perform gastrointestinal, airway (bronchoscopy), bladder (cystoscopy), nasal (rhinoscopy), and joint endoscopy.
With endoscopy, we can visually inspect the wall of the stomach, small intestine, or colon to identify irregularities such as ulcers, masses, polyps, strictures, or areas of inflammation. Biopsies are also often collected from these areas.
This is performed to assess the respiratory tract, including the windpipe and lower airways. Pieces of inhaled foreign material may be identified and removed. Samples are frequently collected to differentiate between the many different types of lung diseases seen.
This allows us to visualize the inside of the vagina, urethra (the tube that empties urine from the bladder), and bladder.
Nasal endoscopy is performed to evaluate the nasal cavity for foreign material, nasal masses, fungal infections, or inflammatory diseases.